Companion to the Missal-A: Temporale and Ordinary
. . . Advent-Quinquagesima
. . . Lent-Pentecost
. . . Trinitytide
. . . Ordinary
Companion to the Missal-B: Sanctorale
Companion to the Missal-C: Common of Saints, Votive Masses, and Kyriale
Companion to the Missal-D: Common Tones
The Structure of the Missal
The following layout of the 1513 printed Sarum missal is fairly typical (The principal parts are numbered):
–Table for finding moveable feasts
1) Kalendar (listing the feasts throughout the year)
–Blessing of salt, water, and bread
2) Temporale (containing the masses for the seasons of the year, beginning with Advent)
3) Ordinary and Canon of the Mass.
4) Sanctorale (containing the masses for the saints, beginning with St. Andrew, November 30)
5) Commune sanctorum (containing masses for saints days that do not have proper masses of their own)
6) Misse votive (containing various masses and prayers that are not part of the above collections, including the nuptial mass and the mass for the dead)
–Index of feasts
Not all missals have all these parts–indeed some include other parts–and the parts are not always in the same order.
The Ordinary of the Mass is typically to be found either within the Temporale at Holy Saturday, or as a separate section between the end of the Temporale and the beginning of the Sanctorale.
The Table of moveable feasts is often not included; the Cautels and Orations are often located in different places. The Speculum Sacerdotum is sometimes included. Sometimes an Accentuarium appears at the end.
Curiously, a number of the printed missals (e.g. Paris: Petit, 1516, Paris: Regnault, 1519, 1529, 1531, 1532, 1533, and those published under the reign of Queen Mary) place the sequence Zima vetus at the end of the book rather than in its proper location on Easter Monday.
A Note Concerning Sources
The principal text source for the edition is the 1513 Sarum missal printed by B. Rembolt (Paris). Dickinson (Appendix 1) gives a list of 63 printed Sarum Missals spanning the years 1487-1557, none of which appears to be supremely authoritative. (This list in itself is now known to be incomplete. It omits, for example, the edition printed in Basle in 1489 by M. Wennsler, of which a copy is preserved in the Bodleian Library. ) Amongst the four mIssals that were printed in the largest size, 11 by 7 inches, 1513 was chosen for its generous font size and clear impression and excellent state of preservation (in the British Museum copy).
The secondary text source is the edition by Francis Henry Dickinson, mentioned above, printed at Burntisland by Pitsligo, 1861-1883. This edition is of particular importance because of the extensive annotations that detail variants to be found amongst many of the printed Sarum missals. All the annotations found in the Dickinson edition will be incorporated into the notes of the present edition.
Supporting texts include the following representative Sarum missals:
The 1497 Morin edition from Rouen, an early print representing Dickinson’s ‘A’ stream of texts.
The 1500 Pynson edition from London, representing Dickinson’s ‘B’ stream.
The 1526 Regnault edition from Paris, representing Dickinson’s ‘D-3’ stream.
J. Wickham Legg., ed. The Sarum Missal Edited from Three Early Manuscripts (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1916, representing the earliest authoritative manuscripts.
The principal music source is the Graduale Sarisburiense (ed. Frere) comprising elements from the following four manuscripts:
BL Ms. Add. 12,194.
BL Ms. Add. 17,001.
Bodl. Ms. Rawl. Liturg. d. 3.
BL Ms. Lansd. 462.
In addition to this list is the Sarum Graduale printed in Paris in 1508, of which a single copy is extant, in the Huntingdon Library, San Francisco.
The secondary music sources are
Rylands Latin MS 24: The Crawford Missal. Sarum Noted Missal, 13th. c. The University of Manchester Rylands Medieval Collection. (Known as the Crawford Missal, or the Missal of Henry of Chichester).
The Arsenal Missal, Bibliotheque nationale, Arsenal 135
The printed Sarum Graduals of 1527 and 1532.